There are two types of gum diseases; Gingivitis and Periodontitis. In general, gingivitis is the swelling of the gums while periodontitis is present when the inner layer of the gum pulls away from the teeth, creating pockets of different depths. Although there are loads of information online about these diseases, your local dentist at Braydon Dental Care clinic would be the best person to carefully discuss this with you, if you suspect you have it.
Here is a more detailed look at gum diseases;
Also known as gum inflammation. It occurs because plaque and other dirt have accumulated on the teeth. The signs of gingivitis include red and puffy gums, extra sensitive gums that bleed almost immediately when brushing. Gingivitis is often easily treated with good oral hygiene, such as frequent use of oral antiseptics, more frequent brushing and flossing.
There are two main types of gingivitis. These are; dental plaque-induced and non-dental plaque-induced gingivitis. For dental plaque-induced gingivitis, the factors that cause these are mostly food, smoking, alcohol, medication and sometimes, malnutrition. Non-dental plaque-induced gingivitis is caused by genetics, specific bacteria, and other conditions such as allergies and medical history.
In this type of gum disease, the gums and deeper structures are inflamed. Similar to gingivitis, the gums also bleed due to the accumulated dirt in the teeth. This dirt, due to poor dental hygiene, may now have seeped into deeper parts of the gums. Often, periodontitis is also considered as the worse case of gingivitis. In most cases, a severe and untreated case of gingivitis causes periodontitis, when the gum pockets or also known as periodontal pockets have become deep and swollen. Naturally, once these pockets have become deeper and wider it becomes more prone to dirt build up.